The Archeological Richness of Ometepe Island

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On my daily walks along the volcanic beaches of Lake Cocibolca, I often find shards of history washed ashore, remnants of the ancient ones who settled Ometepe Island during the first migration, about 10,000 BC.  Hunks of broken stone mortars and pestles and primitively carved tools embed themselves in the black sand telling the tales of the rich lives of the Chibchas and Tiaguanacos indigenous tribes.

When the Chorotegas tribe arrived in the sixth and seventh centuries, they improved the stone-working techniques, added creative embellishments to the ceramics, and carved mysterious symbols on the volcanic boulders      (now known as Petroglyphs) plopped into the fields from eruptions of Vulcan Concepcion.

Intricately painted shards, in the shapes of birds, faces, monkeys, and other animals wash between my toes harboring the secrets of the Nahuas, the indigenous tribe that arrived in the ninth and tenth centuries.According to legend, the Nahuas were led to our sacred island after a series of collective dreams that guided them to ‘two hills’ majestically jutting from a small island in a sweet sea.

Significant evidence indicates that Ometepe Island became a trading port. In the middle of the tenth century, the Mayas arrived with gold figurines, jade, and other exotic trade items. Once the Mayas discovered La Isla de Ometepe, they decided to settle down and expand the art of ceramica production.

The cultural history of Pre-Columbian pottery on Ometepe Island is sparsely documented. Nicaragua lacks a major structural network that would support significant funding from outside sources to study and record the archeological finds. Instead, small museums record the archeological history of the island, with little to no funding sources.

The El Ceibo Museum is a fine example of a small museum on the island, founded by Moises Ghitis. Over 1,200 examples of Ometepe’s Pre-Columbian heritage are highlighted. Most of these pieces were discovered on Moises’ finca several years ago. El Ceibo Museum

With the increased emphasis on tourism in Nicaragua, and particularly Ometepe Island, major efforts are taking place to protect the cultural heritage of the island. New laws enacted make it a crime to remove and sell Pre-Columbian artifacts. Educational programs in the schools emphasize the importance of protecting and preserving the historical pieces.

I am so very grateful to see the archeological richness of Ometepe Island taken seriously. With more funding for museums, educational programs, and increased awareness through various media sources, Ometepe Island can preserve their unique cultural heritage.

How can you help preserve and support the archeological richness of Ometepe Island?

1. Take only photos and leave only footprints behind.
2. Report any archeological finds to El Ceibo Museum or the other small local museums on the island.
3. Respect the cultural heritage of Nicaragua. The country is in the beginning stages of protection and environmental awareness. Many of the local people do not understand the importance of preserving and protecting their heritage. Help spread the word.
4. Provide funding and support for the educational programs and museums. If you enjoy visiting archeological sites on the island, show your support by making a monetary donation.
5. Volunteer. There are many volunteer options available if you are interested in preserving the unique culture of Ometepe Island. This is one of the best.
Ometepe Petroglyph Project

If you are interested in learning more about the archeological history of Nicaragua, below are two good links. If you are aware of any other books or websites, please let me know. It is slim pickings in the archeology and ceramica world of Nicaragua.

The Nicaraguan Ceramic Pottery Exhibit
Museums and Galleries of Nicaragua



8 thoughts on “The Archeological Richness of Ometepe Island

  1. Thanks for this post and the links!  I am very interested in archaeological sites and museums.
    And it seems in Nicaragua I also can find a lot of interesting places.
    During my period in Villa Sandino I’ll also visit the (bit unknown) archaeological park in comarca Angostura (8km from Villa Sandino).
    In that area there also seems to be in the mountains a ruin of a small kind of pyramid. (not to find on internet, but somebody did show me some private photos)
    It is a pity my daughter can’t come with me (last year study archaeology) because a lot of times she was my personal guide on excavations and sites 

    • Mijke,
      I am fascinated and want to know more about the archaeological park near Villa Sandino. Oh, and I want to meet your daughter someday. I would love to talk with an archaeologist. Ask your daughter which is the preferred way to spell archaeology. Archeology or archaeology? I’m curious to know which spelling the experts prefer. I looked it up on the internet when I was writing my post, but both spellings are acceptable, so I opted for the easiest spelling. lol

  2. Thanx for yet another excelant entry. Almost missed the links at the bottom of the entry, as they dont stand out like live links.
    The photos in the slideshow near the top look like the private museum south of you, for which we forgot to record the name of when we visited.

    We stumbled upon Mi Museo Collection in Granada, later. It is 1 block north and on the block east (on the north side) from the north east corner of the centre park in Granada.
    Street addy’s would be easy but not as quaint.

    It was free. Even a sign asking not to tip!
    Near the end we discovered, the Archeology Dept of the University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada, had been invited to help conduct acheological digs in Nic , and much centered on Ometepe, which lasted 10 years. I had a true sense of pride, our Canadian tax dollars at work for something so remarkable.
    Near the finish of the display, there was a small table set up and manned with various publications for sale.
    We bought the big book, it is terrific. We put it on the coffee table over xmas, and was enjoyed by many. Should post the ISBN number, maybe later.


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